Essential Vitamins and Minerals
The essential vitamins and minerals are a group of 24 vitamins (organic compounds containing carbon molecules) or minerals (elements on the periodic table). They are all vital to life, and all can be consumed via food. Found in multivitamins, it is wise to supplement those you underconsume.
There are 24 Essential Vitamins and Minerals, twelve of each.
These compounds are normally obtained through a healthy diet, and are absolutely crucial to intake (via either supplementation or diet) for optimal human functioning.
Ingesting optimal levels results in optimal human functioning (relative to deficiency states), having a lesser than optimal intake results in what are known as ‘sub-clinical’ deficiencies which are non-optimal states that are not necessarily adverse.
Although rare, clinical or ‘true’ deficiency states may occur with prolonged avoidance of said vitamin or mineral. These states usually have unique names, like Rickets (Vitamin D deficiency) or Scurvy (Vitamin C deficiency).
Higher levels of vitamins and minerals, above what is needed for optimal health, is not necessarily better and may actually be harmful. Each vitamin or mineral has a recommended intake range which should be aimed for through diet first and supplementation afterwards.
List of Essential Vitamins and Minerals
Zinc, Vitamin A, Vitamin E , Vitamin C , Biotin , Vitamin K , Vitamin B12 , Iodine , Vitamin B3 , Molybdenum, Vitamin B2, Manganese, Folic Acid, Selenium, Calcium and Vitamin D.